Mobile Cell Phone Repairing | Mobile Phone Repair Guide, Help, Tips, Pictures, Videos, Hardware, Software Solution

How to Check Parts of a Mobile Phone for Fault

When doing mobile phone repairing, you will often need to check parts such as speaker, ringer, vibrator, coil, boost coin, On / Off Switch, Antenna Switch, RX Filter, PFO, BSI, Network IC, VCO, Audio IC, Power IC, RTC, Charging IC, CPU, R22, Microphone Interface, Bluetooth IC, Flash IC, RAM, Logic IC, UEM etc.

In most cases, only card level parts of a mobile cell phone are checked for fault and then repaired or replaced with a new one. Card level parts of a mobile cell phone include ringer, speaker, microphone, vibrator, LED, charging connector, headphone connector, data cable connector, battery, battery connector, SIM card, SIM card connector, memory card, memory card connector, camera, camera connector, keypad button, keypad connector, ON / OFF Switch, Display, Display connector, Internal antenna and PDA.

Chip level small parts of a mobile phone that include small electronics components like capacitors, resistor, diode, coil, boost coil, coupler, regulator, transistors, are rarely or not tested for fault. In case there is any fault in the track of the Mobile Phone PCB then it is solved or fixed by jumper.

Mobile Phone Tools and Equipment Needed to Check Parts of a Mobile Phone for Fault are:


How to Check Parts of a Mobile Phone for Fault

  1. Ringer: To check if the ringer of a mobile phone is faulty or damaged,
    Multimeter for Mobile Phone Repairing

    Multimeter for Mobile Phone Repairing

    keep the multimeter in buzzer mode and check the ringer. Value must be between 8 to 10 Ohms. If the value is between this range then the ringer is good and does not need replacement. If the value on multimeter is 4-5 or 12-14 then change the ringer.

  2. Vibrator or Motor: Keep the multimeter in Buzzer Mode and check the vibrator, Value must be 8 to 16 Ohms. If the value is between 8-16 Ohms then the vibrator is good. Otherwise change it.
  3. Speaker or Earpiece: Check the speaker / earpiece with a multimeter on Buzzer mode. Value must be in the range of 25 to 35 Ohms. If the value is in this range then the speaker / earpiece is OK and need not be changed. Otherwise, change the speaker / earpiece.
  4. Microphone or Mic: Keep the multimeter in buzzer mode and check the microphone. Value reading on the multimeter must be in the range of 600 to 1800 Ohms. There will also be a Beep or Buzz sound from the multimeter. NOTE:  Please note that only one side of the microphone will show value. If we check by reversing the Red and Black Probes / Test Leads of the multimeter and check the microphone then there will be no value.
  5. Coil: Check it with a multimeter on Buzzer Mode. If it is good then it the multimeter will give a Beep or Buzz sound. If there is no sound then the coil is faulty. Replace it with a new one.
  6. Resistor or Resistance: Check it with a multimeter on Buzzer Mode. If it is good then the multimeter will give a Beep or Buzz sound. If there is no sound then the resistor is faulty. Replace it with a new one.
  7. Capacitor: Check it with a multimeter on Buzzer Mode. If it is good then the multimeter will NOT give any Beep or Buzz sound. If there is sound then the capacitor is faulty. Replace it with a new one.
  8. Diode: Check it with a multimeter on Buzzer Mode. If it is good then the multimeter will NOT give any Beep or Buzz sound. If there is sound then the diode is faulty. Replace it with a new one.
  9. LED: Keep the multimeter in Buzzer mode and check the LED. If the LED is good then they will glow otherwise not.
  10. Coil and Boosting Coil: Check for continuity. If there is continuity then the coil or the Boost Coil is good otherwise it is faulty.
  11. Keypad: Keep the multimeter on Buzzer mode and check Rows and Columns or the Key Pad. If there is Beep or Buzz sound from the multimeter then Keypad is ok, otherwise it is faulty.
  12. Battery Connector: Keep multimeter on 20V DC and check. Value must be 1.5 to 3.5 V DC.
  13. Battery: Check voltage with a multimeter. Keep multimeter on 20V DC and check. Value must be 3.7 V DC or above.
  14. ON / OFF Switch: Check voltage with a multimeter. Keep multimeter on 20V DC and check. Value must be between 2.5 to 3.7 V DC.
  15. Network IC: Use a Analog DC Power Supply to check Network IC. Switch ON DC Power Supply and call any number from your mobile phone. The Needle of the DC Ampere will start moving. This shows that the Network IC is OK and not fault.
  16. Power IC and CPU: Adjust voltage of the DC Power Supply to 4.2. Place the Red Probe / Test Lead of the DC Power Power Supply to the “+” of the Battery Connector of the mobile phone and the Black Probe / Test Lead to “-”. If DC Ampere is over 6 then Power IC or CPU is damaged. Check by replacing Power IC and the CPU one by one.
  17. If there is no movement of the Ampere Needle of the Power Supply then the Battery connector, On / OFF Switch Track, RTC or Network Crystal is damaged. Give heat to these components using hot air blower. If the problem is not solved then check by replacing them one by one.
  18. If the Ampere Needle fluctuates below 2 ten there could be problem with software or RTC (Real Time Clock).
  19. If the Ampere needle stands at some fixed point then there is problem with the Flash IC.
  20. If there is beep sound from the DC Power Supply then there is problem with “+” and “-” or the mobile handset is short.

PS: When checking a faulty mobile phone with DC Power supply, connect the Red Probe to “+” and Black Probe to “-” of the Battery Connector of the Mobile Phone.

DC Power Supply

DC Power Supply

Notes:

  • Most mobile phone repair people and technician check only above parts of any mobile phone to solve hardware problems.
  • All other parts including electronic components and ICs are generally not checked for fault. There is no good sure test for these parts. The problem is either solved by jumper or by trial and error (check by replacement).


Related Posts:

By Santosh Das | Mobile Cell Phone Repairing

34 Comments

  • By sanyog salve, November 22, 2012 @ 12:35 pm

    Hi sir
    I like this site and i learnt so many things .
    and i m very great full to you.

  • By , November 23, 2012 @ 1:16 am

    You are welcome.

  • By modou, January 25, 2013 @ 10:52 am

    this offers useful guide to beginners in cellphone repair.we would be glad if the info is more comprehensive. thanks a lot

  • By Raju Jat, February 9, 2013 @ 11:59 pm

    I love This site

  • By yemane, March 23, 2013 @ 7:02 am

    you done it best thanks!!

  • By Eyayu, June 9, 2013 @ 7:47 pm

    Very very thanks it is great knowledge in this site .

  • By James Imaga, June 19, 2013 @ 8:52 pm

    Hi,I’m highly impressed by your tutorials they’re are top class and easy to understand and moreso highly factual I want to say its one of the best I’ve come across on mobile phone repairing tech.Keep the good work up.Please can you send me some tutorials on mobile phone jumper setting I’ll be very grateful.Thanks.U can use my email to reach me.

  • By safwan, July 18, 2013 @ 9:42 am

    hi ray,

    is there any institute of urs where i can learn mobile repairing course

    thnks

  • By , July 18, 2013 @ 10:21 am

    Yes, it is DIY Education Pvt Ltd Based in India. Are you from India?

  • By Sushil Kumar, July 24, 2013 @ 7:10 pm

    good site.I like.

    thanks

  • By raj, August 17, 2013 @ 6:54 pm

    is ur collage in jalandhar punjab state thanks

  • By , August 17, 2013 @ 11:49 pm

    No. It is in West Bengal.

  • By Roki, October 11, 2013 @ 7:34 am

    My mobile phone is turning off. when headphone jack through 9v dc supply.whats the problem.
    thank !!!

  • By , October 12, 2013 @ 10:32 am

    There is short at the headphone connector. Take it to service center.

  • By A karthik Srinivas, March 24, 2014 @ 7:06 pm

    Very useful tutorials… Thanks a lot…

  • By Suresh, May 3, 2014 @ 10:32 am

    Da,

    I have Karbon a21 the power on mother board is OK but no display. I changed the display but still it is blank and the display is getting hot at the bottom. What to do now?

  • By , May 3, 2014 @ 4:32 pm

    There is some short in the phone. The phone Karbon A21 has faults in its design and manufacturing. This is a common problem in all A21. It is better to get rid of the phone and buy a new one. Any money you spend on its repairing will be waste. Never trust Karbon.

  • By sanjay, July 8, 2014 @ 2:46 pm

    Cant hear callers voice in mobile earpiece ,but can hear in loud speaker what is the problem and how to rectify

  • By , July 8, 2014 @ 5:53 pm

    The speaker is damaged. Change the speaker.

  • By Sayyed Ismail, July 8, 2014 @ 6:58 pm

    Hello thanks for detail this is very help full for me

  • By amit, July 15, 2014 @ 11:58 am

    My nokia mobile problem
    “Invalid sim” how to problem solv

  • By , July 15, 2014 @ 8:11 pm

    Reset the phone and check. Also try to change the SIM and check.

  • By amit, July 16, 2014 @ 3:30 am

    Yes i reset the phone and other sim check but not ok

  • By amit, July 16, 2014 @ 10:24 am

    Tellme. How solv the problem

  • By amit, July 17, 2014 @ 3:27 pm

    How to solv problem

  • By amit, July 18, 2014 @ 2:04 pm

    Hello

  • By kamal, July 21, 2014 @ 5:35 pm

    Iphone 3g heating problem near power control ic, check the capacitor as said beeps ?, battery charging connector on logicboard shows 0.7 v on charger plugged , charging port Ok .pls help

  • By Fred, August 19, 2014 @ 3:04 pm

    Hi, Great site. My Samsung Galaxy Y. switches on but will not get past opening flash and SAMSUNG letters will not go beyond this and when I press off/on with operation key it just goes back to same. Any ideas.
    Thanks,
    Fred

  • By , August 20, 2014 @ 9:49 am

    Reset the phone and check. It the problem is not solved by flashing then you may have to reload the software.

  • By manoj goyal, September 2, 2014 @ 11:40 am

    Can u explain the cool testing,hot testing,parallel track and series track

Other links to this post

  1. Parts Inside Apple iPhone 5 Mobile Phone | Mobile Cell Phone Repairing | Mobile Phone Repair Guide, Help, Tips, Pictures, Videos, Hardware, Software Solution
  2. How to Reset Samsung Mobile Phone | Mobile Cell Phone Repairing | Mobile Phone Repair Guide, Help, Tips, Pictures, Videos, Hardware, Software Solution
  3. Mobile Cell Phone Microphone / Mic Not Working Problem and Solution – How to Solve Microphone Fault in any Mobile Cell Phone | Mobile Cell Phone Repairing | Mobile Phone Repair Guide, Help, Tips, Pictures, Videos, Hardware, Software Solution
  4. How to Replace LCD Display Screen of a Mobile Cell Phone | Mobile Cell Phone Repairing | Mobile Phone Repair Guide, Help, Tips, Pictures, Videos, Hardware, Software Solution

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a comment

Mobile Cell Phone Repairing | Mobile Phone Repair Guide, Help, Tips, Pictures, Videos, Hardware, Software Solution Mobile Phone Repairing | How to Repair any Mobile Cell Phone including Nokia, Samsung, Motorola, China Mobile Phones, Sony Ericsson, LG, HTC, Apple iPhone, Blackberry, MyPhone and all other Mobile Phone. Includes Mobile Cell Phone Repairing Photos and Diagrams, Repairing and Service Tips, Tricks and Solution for Problems like – Speaker or Earpiece, Headphone, Mic or Microphone, Signal Problems like No Network, Charging Problem or Mobile Phone Not Charging, Motor or Vibrator, Ringer or Buzzer, Camera, Display, Screen, PDA, LCD, Power Button, Bluetooth, Infrared, Antina or Antenna Switch, Hand Free , Key Pad Not Working, Joy Stick Fault, Insert SIN or No SIM, Light Problem, No Power or Set Dead. Also included is How to Load Software (Flashing) to any Mobile Phone and Other Hardware and Software Problems and Solution.

%d bloggers like this: